Science and Policy Resources

Federal Advisory Committee Climate Assessment Report (Draft 1/2013)

The National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC), is a federal advisory committee established under the Department of Commerce and is supported through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The Committee serves to oversee the activities of the National Climate Assessment. The NCADAC engaged more than 240 authors in the creation of the report.

Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization working to advance strong policy and action to address the twin challenges of energy and climate change. Launched in November 2011, C2ES is the successor to the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, long recognized in the United States and abroad as an influential and pragmatic voice on climate issues.  View the C2ES Climate Change 101 Series

Carbon Disclosure Project

The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) works to transform the way the world does business to prevent climate change and protect our natural resources. CDP uses the power of measurement and information disclosure to improve the allocation of capital for the management of environmental risk. Using the world’s largest collection of self-reported climate change data, CDP’s global system of companies, investors and cities are mitigating risk and making investment decisions that drive action towards a more sustainable world.

Greenhouse Gas Management Institute

The Greenhouse Gas Management Institute trains tomorrow’s experts on the principles, concepts and techniques to manage and credibly account for GHG emissions. Their work involves training on the basics of GHG accounting, auditing and management, as well as certifying professionals who meet the highest standards of expertise and ethical conduct and conducting forward-looking research into critical GHG measurement, reporting, and verification issues.

Carbon Offset Research and Education

Carbon Offset Research and Education (CORE) presents up-to-date programmatic details on a range of voluntary and compliance offset standards. CORE’s mission is to foster offset programs and policies that maximize their potential benefits, while minimizing their potential risks. The CORE team conducts cutting-edge research to inform policy makers and the general public and provides information relevant to offset buyers, as well as in-depth analysis of offset design and policies.

Managing Forests Because Carbon Matters: Integrating Energy, Products, and Land Management Policy

A Society of American Foresters Task Force Report
Robert W. Malmsheimer, et al. (November 2011)

Forests and global climate are closely linked in terms of carbon storage and releases, water fluxes from the soil and into the atmosphere, and solar energy capture. Understanding how carbon dynamics are affected by stand age, density, and management and will evolve with climate change is fundamental to exploiting the capacity for sustainably managed forests to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The authors argue that a rational domestic energy and environmental policy framework must be based on the premise that atmospheric greenhouse gas levels are increasing primarily because of the addition of geologic fossil fuel–based carbon into the carbon cycle. Forest carbon policy that builds on the scientific information summarized in this article can be a significant and important part of a comprehensive energy policy that provides for energy independence and carbon benefits while simultaneously providing clean water, wildlife habitat, recreation, and other uses and values.

Carbon 101: Understanding the Carbon Cycle and the Forest Carbon Debate

Dovetail Partners
Jim Bowyer, et al. (January 2012)

Congress is unlikely to adopt “cap and trade” or other approaches to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases for the foreseeable future. However, the Environmental Protection Agency is seeking to curtail emissions through new regulation, and the result could be substantial for communities, the environment and the economy. So what is the fuss all about? What exactly is the carbon cycle? What is meant by such terms as “carbon dioxide equivalence”, “carbon neutrality”, “fossil carbon,” and “substitution effect”? And, to what are people referring when using the term “carbon debt”? This report starts from square one of the carbon cycle to explain this and other aspects of the carbon debate and what it all means.

Forests and Carbon: A Synthesis of Science, Management, and Policy for Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Mary L. Tyrrell, Mark S. Ashton, Deborah Spalding, and Bradford Gentry, Editors
This volume provides guidance for land managers and policymakers seeking to understand the complex science and policy of forest carbon as it relates to tangible problems of forest management and the more abstract problems of addressing drivers of deforestation and negotiating policy frameworks for reducing CO2 emissions from forests. It is the culmination of three graduate seminars at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies focused on carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems and their role in addressing climate change.

CVal: Assesing the Economics of Participating in Carbon Market via Spreadsheet

By Peter Becker, Tim McAbee, and E.M. (Ted) Bilek. February 2009.
A powerful spreadsheet tool that will help foresters, managers, and project developers work with private forest landowners to assess the economic profitability of participating in carbon markets. CVal provides a discounted cash flow analysis based on a full accounting of variables, including tract size, carbon sequestration rate, carbon price, and enrollment and trading costs. Automated financial break-even analyses in the macros version quickly assess threshold values of key variables for profitable projects, and the program readily performs “what if” calculations after storing starting values. CVal was designed to evaluate managed forest and afforestation projects traded on the Chicago Climate Exchange, but its methodology could be adapted for other trading mechanisms and agricultural sequestration projects.

Wood Energy in America

Published by AAAS; Science Magazine, March 2009
D. deB. Richter Jr., Dylan H. Jenkins et al. argue that sustainable wood energy use in the form of Advanced Wood Combustion (AWC) can offer economic, social, and environmental benefits. The potential public health impacts of exposure to airborne emissions from biomass burning should also be considered.

System Design and Management for Restoring Penn’s Woods

By Dylan H. Jenkins, Daniel A. Devlin, Nels C. Johnson, and Stephanie P. Orndorff; Journal of Forestry, April/May 2004
Pennsylvania has embarked on establishing a half-million-acre old-growth system within its 2.1 million acres of state forest. If successful, this system will contribute to the restoration of ecological functions associated with old-growth forests that have virtually disappeared from eastern ecosystems. However, the proposed old-growth forests must be resurrected from fragmented and structurally homogenous second-growth forests that are subject to anthropogenic disturbances. In the context of these disturbances, thoughtful system design and, in many instances, application of silvicultural practices will be necessary to protect, restore, and accelerate the accumulation of old-growth attributes in Pennsylvania’s forests. The authors explore some initial design and management considerations for creating an eastern old-growth system.

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11.17.2017 Finite is growing and hiring for two new positions: Forest Carbon Analyst and GIS Manager.
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03.27.2017 Land Trust Alliance and Finite forge partnership under Doris Duke Climate Change Initiative.
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